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Striped Bass Circle Hook Requirement Update

 

April 15, 2021

The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC) interstate fishery management plan (FMP) for striped bass now requires using non-offset (inline) circle hooks when fishing for striped bass with bait in all waters. The Division is finalizing regulations to remain in compliance with the ASMFC FMP
Using non-offset (inline) circle hooks significantly increases the survival of released striped bass.

What is a circle hook?
A 'circle hook' is defined as a non-offset (inline) hook where the point is curved perpendicularly back towards the shank. The term 'non-offset or inline' means the point and barb are in the same plane as the shank.

NOTE: Not all circle hooks are manufactured the same. You must use non-offset or inline circle hooks. When the hook is laying on a flat surface, the entire hook and barb should lay flat.

Four hook types
Why are circle hooks required?
Circle hooks reduce the number of fish that die due to stress or injuries from being caught and released, which is known as discard or release mortality.

Specifically, circle hooks are designed to reduce occurrences of "deep/gut hooking." Studies have shown that gut hooking is a major cause of release mortality. Requiring the use of circle hooks when fishing with bait is the first step in reducing release mortality in the striped bass fishery.

When am I required to use circle hooks?
Circle hooks are required when fishing for striped bass with bait, which is defined as any marine or aquatic organism live or dead, whole or parts thereof. This shall not apply to any artificial lure with bait attached.

How do circle hooks increase survival of released striped bass?
Using circle hooks reduce occurrences of gut-hooking which can cause injuries to internal organs of the fish. If a striped bass swallows the bait, the circle hook is designed to slide out from its throat and catch on the corner of its jaw. When a fish is hooked in the corner of its jaw, this also leads to shorter de-hooking times and less overall stress on the fish.

Tips for using circle hooks
When a fish takes your bait, do not sweep the rod upward to set the hook. The circle hook sets itself as the fish tries to swim away. Simply let the line come tight and fight the fish. Circle hooks are effective with both dead and live baits.

What are some other tips to make sure a released fish will survive? Catch and Release Tips For Striped Bass On the Water Media

  • Use barbless hooks or bend barbs down.
  • Use non-stainless steel hooks and if the fish is gut-hooked, leave the hook in the fish and cut the line as close to the hook as possible.
  • Replace treble hooks on artificial lures with single hooks.
  • Use appropriate tackle suited to the size of the fish and don't fight the fish to exhaustion.
  • Keep the fish in the water when de-hooking.
  • If you must take the fish out of the water, use a rubber or soft-mesh landing net.
  • Avoid handling fish with dry hands or a dry rag.
  • Avoid dragging fish across dry sand or rocks.
  • Hold fish horizontal with support.
  • Avoid touching the fish's gills or eyes.
Circle Hooks for Striped Bass (pdf, 2.2mb)

Help Striped Bass Survive Catch and Release (pdf, 570kb)

Circle Hook Requirement FAQs

Anglers in surf

Please read below for more information on release mortality and the striped bass fishery:

If you can't keep it, save it! A primary source of striped bass mortality comes from catch and release fishing.

Roughly 90% of all striped bass caught are released due to either angler preference or regulation (e.g. fish must be released due to undersize, oversize, or bag limits). Catch & Release fishing is not 100% harmless. It is estimated that 9% of striped bass released die as a result of release mortality.

This means nearly 50% of total striped bass removals are from fish that die as a result of being caught and released (release mortality).

Along the US East Coast in 2019, it is estimated that:
Table of East Coast Striped Bass Harvest and Removal

2019 Striped Bass Catch and Removals

In New Jersey in 2019, it is estimated that:
Table of NJ 2019 Striped Bass Catch and Removals

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Last Updated: April 15, 2021